3 Nephi Chapter 2 Critique
Setting: Wickedness and
abominations increase among the people—The Nephites and Lamanites unite
to defend themselves against the Gadianton robbers—Converted Lamanites
become white and are called Nephites. About A.D. 5–16.
Verses 1-2: And it came to pass
that thus passed away the ninety and fifth year also, and the people
began to forget those signs and wonders which they had heard, and began
to be less and less astonished at a sign or a wonder from heaven,
insomuch that they began to be hard in their hearts, and blind in their
minds, and began to disbelieve all which they had heard and seen—
Imagining up some vain thing in their hearts, that it was wrought by
men and by the power of the devil, to lead away and deceive the hearts
of the people; and thus did Satan get possession of the hearts of the
people again, insomuch that he did blind their eyes and lead them away
to believe that the doctrine of Christ was a foolish and a vain thing.
Note: The Greek language was unknown in Pre-Columbian America.
Christ (/kraɪst/; Ancient Greek: Χριστός, Christós, meaning "anointed")
is a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (Māšîaḥ) and the Syriac
(M'shiha), the Messiah, and is used as a title for Jesus in the New
Testament. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.
Verses 3-6: And it came to pass
that the people began to wax strong in wickedness and abominations; and
they did not believe that there should be any more signs or wonders
given; and Satan did go about, leading away the hearts of the people,
tempting them and causing them that they should do great wickedness in
the land. And thus did pass away the ninety and sixth year; and also
the ninety and seventh year; and also the ninety and eighth year; and
also the ninety and ninth year; And also an hundred years had passed
away since the days of Mosiah, who was king over the people of the
Nephites. And six hundred and nine years had passed away since Lehi
Note: Lehi never escaped from Jerusalem per God.
“For I will punish those who dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have
punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence, 14so
that none of the remnant of Judah who have gone into the land of Egypt
to dwell there shall escape or survive, lest they return to the land of
Judah, to which they desire to return and dwell. For none shall return
except those who escape.” Jeremiah 44:13-14.
Verses 7-8: And nine years had
passed away from the time when the sign was given, which was spoken of
by the prophets, that Christ should come into the world. Now the
Nephites began to reckon their time from this period when the sign was
given, or from the coming of Christ; therefore, nine years had passed
Note: The manifestation of Jesus Christ was more important.
This beginning of signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and manifested His glory; and His disciples believed in Him. John 2:11.
Verses 9-12: And Nephi, who was
the father of Nephi, who had the charge of the records, did not return
to the land of Zarahemla, and could nowhere be found in all the land.
And it came to pass that the people did still remain in wickedness,
notwithstanding the much preaching and prophesying which was sent among
them; and thus passed away the tenth year also; and the eleventh year
also passed away in iniquity. And it came to pass in the thirteenth
year there began to be wars and contentions throughout all the land;
for the Gadianton robbers had become so numerous, and did slay so many
of the people, and did lay waste so many cities, and did spread so much
death and carnage throughout the land, that it became expedient that
all the people, both the Nephites and the Lamanites, should take up
arms against them. Therefore, all the Lamanites who had become
converted unto the Lord did unite with their brethren, the Nephites,
and were compelled, for the safety of their lives and their women and
their children, to take up arms against those Gadianton robbers, yea,
and also to maintain their rights, and the privileges of their church
and of their worship, and their freedom and their liberty.
Note: There was no liberty in Pre-Columbian America.
Slavery among the indigenous peoples of the Americas took many forms
throughout North and South America. Slavery was a common institution
among various Pre-Columbian indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Verses 13-16: And it came to
pass that before this thirteenth year had passed away the Nephites were
threatened with utter destruction because of this war, which had become
exceedingly sore. And it came to pass that those Lamanites who had
united with the Nephites were numbered among the Nephites; And their
curse was taken from them, and their skin became white like unto the
Nephites; And their young men and their daughters became exceedingly
fair, and they were numbered among the Nephites, and were called
Nephites. And thus ended the thirteenth year.
Note: Pre-Columbian natives were never white.
According to the prevailing theories of the settlement of the Americas,
migrations of humans from Asia (in particular North Asia) to the
Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which connected the two
continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The majority of
experts agree that the earliest pre-modern human migration via Beringia
took place at least 13,500 years ago. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.
Verses 17-19: And it came to
pass in the commencement of the fourteenth year, the war between the
robbers and the people of Nephi did continue and did become exceedingly
sore; nevertheless, the people of Nephi did gain some advantage of the
robbers, insomuch that they did drive them back out of their lands into
the mountains and into their secret places. And thus ended the
fourteenth year. And in the fifteenth year they did come forth against
the people of Nephi; and because of the wickedness of the people of
Nephi, and their many contentions and dissensions, the Gadianton
robbers did gain many advantages over them. And thus ended the
fifteenth year, and thus were the people in a state of many
afflictions; and the sword of destruction did hang over them, insomuch
that they were about to be smitten down by it, and this because of
Note: Pre-Columbian Andean natives did not venture into the Amazon basin.
The Moche cultural sphere is centered on several valleys on the north
coast of Peru in regions La Libertad, Lambayeque, Jequetepeque,
Chicama, Moche, Virú, Chao, Santa, and Nepena and occupied 250 miles of
desert coastline and up to 50 miles inland. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.
Note: Solomon Spalding did not know anything about Pre-Columbian natives.
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